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Mountain Bike Tech: Getting the Most Out of Your Mountain Bike

Mountain Bike Tech

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When I first started mountain biking, I didn’t know much about bike tech or maintenance. I would just hop on my ride and go, hitting the trails hard without much thought about my gear. Over time and experience, I’ve learned a ton about how to properly set up and care for my mountain bike to get the best performance possible. Now I want to pass on some of that hard-won knowledge!

Proper mountain bike tech starts with the basics – having the right bike and components for your style of riding and keeping everything adjusted and maintained. But there are also small tweaks and techniques you can use to squeeze every last bit of fun and capability out of your trusty steed. Read on to pick up some tips to make you faster and happier out on the trails.

Selecting the Right Mountain Bike

With all the options out there nowadays, choosing a new mountain bike can be confusing. And making the wrong choice can leave you struggling on trails that don’t match your ride. The key factors to consider are wheel size, suspension design, frame materials, and component specs.

29ers with their big wheels roll over obstacles easier and have more momentum to carry speed. Plus sized 27.5 inch wheels split the difference nicely. Full suspension bikes soak up bumps better for a smoother, more controlled ride. Hardtails are lighter and less expensive. Carbon fiber frames are light and stiff but pricey. Aluminum or alloy frames are affordable, durable, and ride great. As for components, focus more on durability than chasing weight savings.

Test ride different mountain bikes on trails you’ll actually ride. See how various sizes and configurations feel and handle real terrain. Don’t over or under bike – make sure the bike matches your skill level and riding style. An appropriate new mountain bike will bring a huge smile when you hit the trails!

Perfecting the Fit and Comfort

Dialing in the fit and comfort on your mountain bike is well worth the effort. Even subtle adjustments can be the difference between painful rides and buttery smooth enjoyment on the trails. Take the time to properly fit the bike to your body and riding style.

Begin by setting seat height to allow a slight bend at the knee when pedaling with the heel on the pedal. Adjust the seat forward or back to find your optimal pedaling position over the cranks. Run through your cockpit and contact points too. Handlebar and stem length, plus sweep and rise impact reach and control. Experiment with different widths and shapes of grips and saddles until you find versions that match your hands and backside.

Finding footwear that works with your pedals also makes a huge difference. Stickier shoes mate better to flat pedals, reducing slips and allowing more fluid motions. Taking the time to properly fit and outfit your mountain bike pays off big whenever you hit the trail!

Maintaining Your Bike for Optimal Performance

Routine maintenance keeps your bike running smoothly for seasons on end. It also prevents mechanicals and costly repairs down the road. Simple upkeep lets you wring every last mile of fun from your trusty steed!

Start by keeping everything clean and lubed up. Hose off mud after sloppy rides. Use degreaser and brushes periodically to remove grimy build up. Dry out water with compressed air to avoid corrosion. Apply fresh lube frequently to the chain, cables, dropper posts, pivots, etc. This prevents wear and keeps everything shifting and moving properly.

It’s also wise to check over key components before and after each ride. Do a quick inspect of the frame for cracks. Grab the wheels and wiggle for play in the hub or loose spokes. Test brake function. Check tire pressure and tread wear. Making maintenance a consistent habit takes only minutes but pays off hugely on the trail.

And don’t neglect scheduled tune ups either. Swap out worn cables and housing annually. Have suspension serviced each year to avoid leaks and keep it supple. Bleed finicky disc brakes as needed. Truing wheels and replacing consumables like brake pads, chains, cassettes ensures peak function. Well maintained bikes ride like a dream!

Dialing in the Suspension

Tuned suspension transforms rugged trails into smooth delicious goodness by soaking up obstacles and keeping tires planted for maximum grip. The catch is that suspension requires proper setup and adjustments specific to your weight, riding terrain and technique. Mastering a few key suspension settings unlocks way more fun, speed and control on the trail!

Start by setting sag which determines ride height and small bump sensitivity. Use the O-ring method to measure sag, then adjust spring pressure until you hit 25-30% sag front and rear. Rebound controls the speed at which the suspension extends after compressing. Faster rebound feels more responsive but can bounce you around. Slower rebound offers stability but mutes trail feel. Set rebound to control return motions as needed for your riding.

Many forks and shocks also have low speed compression adjustment. Add LSC to minimize suspension movement from pedaling, pumping or other rider induced forces. And many rear shocks feature lockouts for maximum pedaling efficiency on smoother sections. Learning to dial in your suspension takes testing and tinkering. But the payoff is incredible once you get the settings fully dialed for your riding!

Upgrading Components for Better Performance

As your riding progresses, stock components may start to feel under built for your needs. Or maybe you just want to drop some weight or bling out your steed! Upgrading key components can make a world of difference in everything from reliability to ride quality and performance. Just make sure component choices actually match your riding needs.

Wheels make one of the biggest impacts when upgrading. Lightweight carbon fiber hoops add instant rocket sled acceleration. Wide rims give better support for big meats. Stronger alloy wheels take abuse year after year. Boost thru axles increase stiffness dramatically.

Contact points also improve control, comfort and confidence. Meatier tires add traction and prevent flats. Burlier flat pedals grip better and last longer. Nicer shifters and drivetrain parts add precision. Even subtle touches like tacky grips or a boutique saddle make your bike truly dialed.

Resist the urge to go too high-end though. Exotic components rarely make financial sense for most riders. Focus on reasonable upgrades that address legitimate needs or deficiencies. An aluminum frame and mid grade parts that are properly maintained will serve most riders extremely well for many seasons on the trails!

Getting the most from your mountain bike starts with good equipment designed for your specific riding needs. It requires learning proper set up, fit and technique. Consistent care and maintenance keep things running sweetly year after year. And occasional targeted upgrades breathe new life into a trusty stead. Master this combination of smart gear choices, dialed adjustments and proper care for ultimate good times on the trails!

About the Author

Tony K

Senior Technical Writer,

Tony K is a technical editor at He has a focus on downhill bike riding but still loves xc bikes too.

With more than ten years of mountain biking experience and more than 5 years testing mountain bikes, Tony has ridden and tested hundreds of different bikes and products, everything from XC to enduro bikes. Tony regularly competes in mountain bike races while seeing how long those compontents can hold up which gives me a lot of insight.

When he isn't shredding down a mountain or camping out, he is writing reviews for Mountain Bike Experience.

Rides: Surly Lowside, Canyon Exceed